Advantages and Disadvantages of Buying An Electric Car in 2022

Advantages and Disadvantages of Buying Electric Car in 2022

Electric vehicles are the future of the automobile industry. To reduce emissions from vehicles due to concerns towards the environment and replace fossil fuels as an energy source for vehicles, electric vehicles have become the innovation that the world needs. In India, electric vehicles are trickling down the market in very few numbers currently. Especially for the budget models, buyers do not have much choice at all other than to go for Tata’s Tigor EV or Nexon EV right now. Even those models are pretty expensive when compared to petrol or diesel models. But it is a sure thing that this situation will change in the near future.

Almost all the big automobile manufacturing companies have entered the foray of producing electric vehicles. The OEMs are trying to meet the BS6 standard of emission norms and at the same time reduce their carbon footprint in the world by going environmentally friendly. With the latest technologies, it is not at all impossible to reproduce the same performance and quality of petrol cars in an electric car. We are expecting exciting launches of more electric vehicles from the big brands in the next 5 years.

However, right now is what concerns car buyers of today. The most common question everyone has is whether to buy an electric vehicle in 2022 or not.  There are several reasons why you should and at the same time why you should wait for a few more years before spending big bucks on electric vehicles. We will be seeing the pros and cons of buying an electric car in 2022 explained in detail in this article.

Advantages

Higher Efficiency

A vehicle’s energy efficiency is the amount of energy it gets from its power source. Electric cars have higher energy efficiency than fossil fuel-powered cars. Battery-powered electric vehicles can have an energy efficiency of up to 62 per cent, which basically means that a high amount of electric energy can be converted into the power source of the vehicle. Meanwhile, fossil fuel-powered vehicles do not enjoy an energy efficiency of more than 21 percent.

Zero Tailpipe Emissions

An important and big advantage of switching to an electric car is its zero tailpipe emissions. This means that electric vehicles can reduce vehicular pollution down by a lot. But now, an electric car battery charged with electricity from a thermal plant will defeat this purpose. The most desirable quality of an electric vehicle is that it is environmentally friendly in multiple ways. The lower emissions help make the environment green.

Power generated in a petrol-fuelled car by burning the fuel inside the engine produces a lot of by-products like Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide, Sulphur Dioxide, and other SPMs that pollute the air a lot. The quantity of these pollutants is much higher in a diesel vehicle. Even though pollution control technology is changing and improving over time, the complete elimination of pollutant emissions has not yet been made possible.

Meanwhile, electric cars do not generate energy through the combustion of fuel. They simply use electrical energy from a battery to spin a motor, which then spins the wheels. As a result, they don’t require any fuels that would produce any polluting gases or particulates and essentially run on 100 per cent clean energy.

High Performance and Low Maintenance

Electric cars can produce maximum torque right from the start. This means that you can experience the strong pulling power as soon as you step on the gas. They give the drivers a very strong acceleration when compared to an ICE-powered vehicle. Furthermore, electric cars are also easier to maintain as they have fewer moving parts. But, this also depends on the market. In our domestic market, EVs are just getting started, and the technology would get cheaper with increased adoption. So right now, maintaining an EV will be slightly more expensive than a regular car.

Easy To Drive

Electric vehicles use the most basic way of driving and also don’t have the stalling issues as petrol cars. This eliminates the need for a clutch mechanism. This means that you can drive an electric car using only the accelerator, brake, and steering wheel. Regenerative braking is another highlight as most cars have a braking process that wastes all of the kinetic energy, which is then released as frictional heat. In an electric car, however, the same energy will be utilised to charge the batteries rather than being wasted.

Incentives From Government

In order to speed up the adoption of electric vehicles in India, both the central and state governments have offered several incentive packages for buyers. This includes state-specific incentives granted by the governments of Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Rajasthan, and the FAME-II subsidy, which pays Rs 15,000 per kWh of battery capacity. In addition, the government also provides incentives to manufacturers on EVs produced and sold in India.

Low Cost of Running

The cost of running an electric car is significantly lower than that of a fossil fuel-powered car. We already noted that the EVs have fewer moving parts than their alternatives, which makes maintenance simpler. Only brake pad repairs, car cleaning, and battery checks need regular service. Some EVs even have a cost of running that is as low as Rs 1 per km.

Disadvantages

Lack of More Charging Stations

The lack of infrastructure for charging might result in you getting stranded between places. This might not be a big issue in major cities like Bangalore, Delhi, Chennai, Jaipur etc. But it is a fact that electric vehicles do not offer longer ranges like petrol and diesel-fuelled cars.

Range

The range is almost half that of the petrol-powered cars from the same segment. This makes long-distance travel difficult in one stretch.

Price

Next is the price of these cars. Even though they are more budget-friendly than the other models currently offered in the market, they are pretty expensive for what they come with.

Maintenance

Maintenance for another is more expensive than that of the petrol or diesel-fuelled cars. Even though regular maintenance is required less frequently, any damage to the car cannot be repaired everywhere. You will need specially trained mechanics or proper service centres to repair them.

Lack of Choices in Models

A lot of the major OEMs are venturing into the electric vehicle sector now. With only brands like Audi and Porsche offering models like the e-Tron and Cross Turismo in EVs, Nexon EV and Tigor EV are the only choices for electric sedans in their price ranges.

Buyers in cities who don’t have long drives or require higher mileage can definitely opt for these. Whereas for others the majority of the Indian buyers, it will be smart to wait for more options to be offered.

Need For Regulations

Other than these, waiting for the government to set up proper regulation for the electric vehicle sector is also another issue to be faced. Even though the government is backing the shift from fossil fuel-powered vehicles to more environmentally friendly fuels, we are still a long way from enacting proper regulations to help through the transmission.

Thermal Runway

Since the major source of energy in these cars is the battery, there is always a risk of the thermal runway. Manufacturers these days avoid this issue by splitting the batteries into smaller cells. The thermal runway is basically too much heat on the battery that might result in the car catching fire.

It suffices to say that once the logistics of charging stations, easy availability of service and repair increase both in quality and quantity, electric vehicles will be the future of the industry.

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