CNG Vs. Electric: Which Is The Most Economical Option For City Drive?

cng vs electric car

The transition to the era of electric vehicles is happening rather swiftly. India is likewise making progress in the same direction. However, Indians continue to adore their traditional CNG cars. This raises the question, “CNG Vs. Electric Car”: Which is the most economical option for city drive?”

In the first half of 2022, there were more than 3.90 lakh electric vehicle sales! In contrast, 2.50 lakh CNG vehicles were sold within the same time period. If we only consider sales data, electric vehicles are unquestionably more popular among Indians and have taken over the Indian auto market!

But can we truly infer from sales data that EVs are superior to CNG vehicles for city driving? Honest answer: No! An automobile is a very complex machine, and we at CarJasoos are here to provide a detailed comparison of EVs and CNG. Let’s start now!

Also, a hybrid of both CNG and Petrol, and Electric and Petrol are available in the market. But for this comparison, we have considered pure electric powertrain only, as an engine is required for CNG vehicles to work.

CNG Vs Electric Car | Which one is the most economical option for city drive?

How do CNG cars work?

Compared to gasoline and diesel, CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) is less expensive. Additionally, it is more environmentally friendly and efficient. Furthermore, every CNG vehicle is a CNG-Petrol hybrid. The engine of a CNG vehicle is started with gasoline but can be switched to run on compressed natural gas. In addition, you can get a CNG kit fitted in your petrol vehicle even if you didn’t purchase a CNG vehicle!

The high-pressure CNG storage tank for a CNG car is kept in the trunk of the car. The fuel lines are then supplied with this high-pressure gas from the tank. The regulator is used to lower the pressure to the ideal pressure in accordance with the fuel injection system of the engine. The air and CNG are then transferred to the combustion chamber. The mixture is finally ignited by the spark plugs!

How do electric cars work?

Electric vehicles are very efficient, long-term cost-effective, and environmentally friendly. Additionally, EVs have superior performance and eliminate of emission of environmentally harmful gases.

Generally speaking, EVs use electricity by transforming it into mechanical propulsion. Additionally, some studies claim that when compared to traditional cars, electric vehicles are up to 70% more efficient.

EVs replace engines with battery packs and motors. Lithium-ion cells or conventional lead-acid cells can be used to make the battery pack. The lithium-ion batteries are used in Tesla vehicles. In the form of chemical energy, the battery pack stores electrical energy. The motors receive this energy after that. These motors then use a transmission system to send power to the wheel.

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electric cars

What are the pros and cons of CNG?

Pros of CNG-

  1. CNG is environmentally friendly because it is not a fossil fuel.
  2. CNG vehicles emit fewer emissions than traditional petrol or diesel vehicles.
  3. A CNG-fueled vehicle’s operating expenses might be as low as 2 to 3 rupees per kilometer!
  4. It is the next-best alternative fuel to gasoline and diesel in terms of affordability.
  5. Since CNG vehicles need an engine to function, a separate petrol fuel tank is also provided. If CNG runs out, you can switch to using gasoline to power the car.
  6. Numerous manufacturers provide CNG kit-equipped automobiles on a variety of well-known cars on the market.
  7. Almost all taxis, rickshaws, and fare-based vehicles use CNG only!
  8. CNG stations can be found in all 36 entities (28 states and 8 union territories) of India. So, there are many CNG stations scattered throughout the country.
  9. CNG vehicles have longer driving ranges than both gasoline and diesel vehicles do!

Cons of CNG-

  1. The CNG storage tank is installed in the trunk of the car. Eventually, this eats up the storage space at the back!
  2. Moreover, a CNG car’s power output is about 10–20 percent lower than that of a petrol or diesel vehicle.
  3. However, refueling can be a pain! You’ll typically have to wait in a fairly long line to fuel up in the mornings especially!

Pros of Electric Vehicles-

  1. Electric vehicles are the most environmentally friendly alternative fuel in mass production yet!
  2. EVs do not emit any gases harmful to the environment, i.e., zero emissions!
  3. Additionally, the government offers numerous tax breaks and subsidiary incentives for purchasing EVs.
  4. Moreover, the cost of operating an EV might be as low as 1 to 2 rupees per km! Eventually, of all the fuel-alternative vehicles on the market, EVs have the lowest operating costs!
  5. Due to the absence of an engine or complicated parts, EV maintenance costs are also relatively low.

Cons of Electric Vehicles-

  1. The cost of the batteries contributes significantly to the overall cost of an electric car.
  2. Electric vehicles have a limited range.
  3. Since EVs are newly introduced to the market, it can be particularly challenging to locate charging facilities.
  4. Even if you locate a charging station, it takes a while to charge an EV. The fast charger was a solution to this issue! However, not all stations have adopted it. Additionally, it is frequently already in use! Therefore, it can take anywhere from 30 minutes to 10+ hours to charge an EV.


So, which type of vehicle is preferred for city use?

If you pick CNG, a full tank will keep you stress-free for a whole day or two! If you have an EV and charge it overnight at home, you are also stress-free throughout the day. How many homes, though, have enough room for a charging station?

Even though EVs are more economical in terms of rupees spent per kilometer, it has their fair share of disadvantages!

Unless you reside in a hilly area, you don’t need as much power or torque to move around in the city. Therefore, both CNG and EV are ideal for basic city transport. However, for intra-city commuting, CNG may currently prevail.

In line with ongoing research and development, the range of EVs is improving. Electric vehicles (EVs) may dominate the Indian market in a year or two! If you want to know if our opinion has changed, come back and visit us again.

Please feel free to share your opinions about the same in the comment section below.

Also Read

Electric, Petrol, CNG Or Diesel? Which Kind of Fuel Type Should You Buy in 2022?

Before You Install a CNG Kit in Your Car, There Are a Few Things You Should Know

Top 7 Seven-Seater Cars With Best Mileage In India

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